Home Business What you NEED to KNOW about ICON and ICX

What you NEED to KNOW about ICON and ICX


When ICON was final lined right here on CB again in 2020, it was colloquially known as The Ethereum of South Korea. From that title, you may already know that it was a very long time in the past after we lined this mission, and so much has occurred since then. These days, ICON is healthier referred to as a competitor to Cosmos whereas equally not being something near Cosmos. Sure, a complicated sentence, I do know. Nonetheless, I’ll dive deeper into all of this, so no worries.

Whereas the event of the community has been going ahead like loopy, the worth motion of ICON’s native asset ICX has not been pretty much as good. The worth has solely risen by 2-3x from when the mission was final lined right here in July 2020. That is comparatively poor in comparison with many different altcoins; Cosmos’ ATOM token is up 10x over the identical time. That is maybe one cause why this mission has stayed underneath the radar for many individuals. Nonetheless, all of this may change following the newest developments, together with an entire new design with the ICON 2.0 improve.

ICON Historical past

ICON was created by the South Korean DAYLI Monetary Group, “constructed” by Korean-American Min Kim. Nonetheless, the precise firm to create the ICON community was ICONLOOP which continues to be lively in its improvement. The mission was incubated by DAYLI Monetary Group. ICON had its ICO already again in 2017, elevating a complete of $43 million. The mission launched in 2018, however in November of 2021, it transitioned to ICON 2.0, an entire new mission.  

ICON is a blockchain protocol powered by the open-source blockchain engine known as “goLoop” (beforehand hyperLoop). GoLoop is the title given for ICON’s loop-chain, and it comes from the brand new programming language used within the creation of ICON 2.0. ICON goals to be the blockchain of all blockchains by offering a bridge between totally different blockchains and conventional enterprises. ICON was extra targeted on the enterprise integration aspect within the early days. Nonetheless, this needed to change as a result of slower than anticipated enterprise adoption. They noticed that each one the expansion was in public blockchains, primarily amongst retail folks, so that they shifted to providing interoperability between totally different chains.

Paul Barron Icon Interview

I discovered this interview fairly useful in understanding what the mission goals to perform. Picture by way of Paul Barron YouTube.

The ICON community makes use of a sophisticated consensus mechanism known as Byzantine Fault Tolerance Delegated Proof-of-Stake (BFT-DPoS). For financial governance, they use a protocol known as Delegated Proof-of-Contribution. The ICON community is operated and maintained by public validators known as Public Representatives (P-Reps). These 25 P-Reps that acquire probably the most votes grow to be Most important P-Reps, and so they’ll take part in on-chain governance. The remaining grow to be Sub P-Reps, and so they’ll fill in for Most important P-Reps if needed. Based on the ICON tracker, there are 150 validators (22 Most important, 88 Sub, 50 candidates), of which the ICON Basis itself is by far the most important with a 15% share. The native forex is ICX, and it’s used to pay for community charges and validation and governance. ICONists (the title ICX holders are known as) can delegate their stake to P-Reps and earn rewards for that. Presently, the reward sits at roughly 6-7%, however that may and does change over time.

The Way forward for ICON 

You’ll discover quite a lot of hyperlinks within the following so that you could dive deeper if you would like extra data since, for the sake of brevity (and ease of studying), I’ll attempt to steer clear of probably the most technical features.

ICON 2.0

Let’s dive straight into the most important information of all of them, ICON 2.0. In September of 2020, ICON 2.0 was first launched. This was launched as a result of the earlier model was merely a take a look at. It couldn’t help all the things wanted for the long run improvement of the community. The Alpha model of two.0 was launched in April of 2021, however the full model was launched in late 2021, so it hasn’t been lively for lengthy.

Essentially the most important distinction between the 2 variations may be discovered all the best way on the floor stage of all the things, the programming language. The primary model was constructed from the bottom up utilizing Python, and it didn’t help different languages. The ICON 2.0 model was constructed utilizing a programming language known as Go which is why the engine known as GoLoop. On prime of utilizing a brand new and superior programming language like Go, the two.0 model additionally has Python SCORE and Java SCORE options. It also needs to be famous that Python SCORE is being phased out in favor of Java SCORE. The ICON Basis will present monetary and technical help for current python DApps emigrate to Java.

Go Programming Language

Go is extraordinarily widespread and it’s a greater go well with for ICON. Picture by way of Go.

One other huge replace with ICON 2.0 is that it has been open supply from the start. This was nice information since within the earlier model, all the things wasn’t open-source, and that was a serious concern.

Blockchain Transmission Protocol (BTP)

The Blockchain Transmission Protocol is the bread and butter of ICON because it powers interoperability. BTP isn’t something new, however it wasn’t absolutely operational in prior ICON iterations. The improved and absolutely practical BTP when launched is anticipated to be a game-changer. When studying about BTP, it grew to become clear that not solely is that this huge for ICON, however it might be enormous for the entire blockchain business. It is because it’s basically totally different from what Cosmos and Polkadot are attempting to do.

BTP Message Delivery Flowchart

I discovered this and this article extraordinarily useful, so should you want to be taught extra about how BTP works, I counsel you give them a glance. The BTP is made up of 4 totally different parts (lined beneath). To clarify merely: should you ship a transaction, you’ll be interacting with the Service Contract. This might be transferred into the Message Heart Contract, the place all transactions are gathered. After this, Relays (run like node operators by people) will take your transactions and submit them to the chain you wish to ship your cash to. Then to forestall any malicious transactions by Relays the Verifier Contract checks if that transaction may be discovered on the ICON blockchain, which is ruled by its personal consensus mechanism I linked to earlier.

Icon Btp Contracts

Use the primary article I linked to for extra data. Picture by way of Icongrapher Medium.

How ICON itself describes the distinction between their answer and others is that different programs join blockchains inside their very own ecosystem reasonably than all blockchains collectively. However, ICON says will probably be capable of join each blockchain that helps good contracts. The primary article linked to on this part does present a extra in-depth clarification of the variations, so I counsel you take a look at that too.

Unstoppable Domains Inline

ICON ICE & SNOW Blockchains

In mid-July, ICON launched an entire new blockchain for the ICON ecosystem known as ICE. ICE is EVM and eWASM appropriate, and it’s meant to offer an entry to Ethereum and Polkadot. It was developed in partnership with Web3LabsMousebelt, and others. After the launch, the brand new construction for the entire ICON ecosystem is as follows: ICE might be targeted on the applying layer because it’s simple for builders attributable to its EVM compatibility, and to clarify what the ICON chain does, I’ll use a quote from their Medium article:

“The ICON Community will proceed to optimize for BTP, and start focusing particularly on interoperability and low-latency cross-chain apps.”

ICE is an extension community of an current layer one blockchain (ICON) making use of for a parachain slot on the Polkadot ecosystem. It’s the first of its form, as all Polkadot parachains to this point have been constructed for the only objective of turning into parachains on the Polkadot community. Which means ICE will bridge know-how and a whole neighborhood (ICON neighborhood) to the Polkadot ecosystem.

What gathered a lot consideration with this announcement was the 1:1 airdrop of ICE’s native token ICY.

Ice Snow

I extremely counsel you learn the hyperlinks I’ve left on this part to raised perceive this.

SNOW is one other blockchain and comparatively simple to clarify. Have you learnt how Polkadot has an intensive “canary community” known as Kusama? Properly, SNOW is similar for ICE as Kusama is for Polkadot. The concept is to first get ICE a parachain slot to additional combine into the Polkadot ecosystem and permit functions to run there to make the most of ICON’s BTP. Nonetheless, as many different Polkadot parachain candidates have accomplished, ICON will first launch the SNOW blockchain on the Kusama community to check issues out. SNOW will even be a spot for tasks to launch earlier than transferring to ICE. And as with ICE, SNOW could have its personal native token known as ICZ, and will probably be airdropped to ICX holders in a 1:1 ratio.

Now I do know this may increasingly get a bit difficult to maintain up with all of the totally different blockchains and protocols, however should you perceive that ICE and SNOW are constructed to make it simpler for tasks to leverage the ICON BTP that gives cross-chain interoperability, then you have to be nice. And should you attempt to seek for the 2 tokens talked about above, you received’t discover them since they aren’t but working; nevertheless, the snapshots for these two airdrops have already been taken.

ICON Integrations 

On prime of the integrations talked about above with each the Polkadot and Ethereum ecosystems, ICON will even be integrating with Moonriver, NEAR, Concord, Algorand, and Binance Sensible Chain, with some integrations presumably occurring by the finish of March. ICON not too long ago introduced that following some gasoline payment points that the group encountered whereas constructing their principal bridging answer BTP, ICON might be launching an interim bridge known as ICON bridge, whereas the group continues to develop BTP within the background. This occurred solely a few months in the past, and the integrations went quick; subsequently, we’d count on additional integration within the months to come back. It’s nonetheless unclear how effectively these integrations will do and what number of precise functions might be benefiting from ICON. Nonetheless, a minimum of within the Polkadot ecosystem, ICON has built-in efficiently partnered with a couple of particular person (and large) tasks. These are Edgeware, Plasm Community, Moonbeam, and Acala.

Icon Ecosystem

Right here’s a take a look at the ICON ecosystem, this image is from October. Picture by way of Medium.

Talking of functions integrating with ICON, on prime of these 4, I did discover a number of others. These are the Band Protocol integration in July 2020, Wintermute partnership, in September 2020, and Fandiem partnership in September 2021. Band Protocol is a cross-chain oracle, Wintermute is an algorithmic market maker, and Fandiem is a charity platform. These integrations are essential to ICON since a community with none customers is clearly ineffective.

ICON Incentive Fund

In January of 2021, ICON introduced a cross-chain interoperability incentive fund. The fund consists of 200 million ICX tokens ($200 million at at the moment’s costs). The fund might be used to additional incentivise the ICON neighborhood and each different neighborhood. The concept is to get different communities to develop cross-chain interoperable options. 40% of the fund will incentivise current communities and functions working with the BTP system. As compared, 60% will go in the direction of additional growing and broadening the entire BTP system. Incentive funds have been an enormous deal these days, and a minimum of wanting on the value motion of many tokens, they appear to be working. Nonetheless, long-term success is what issues. The fund will use tokens from the reserves (take a look at tokenomics additional down), and it’ll be distributed over 5 years.

ICON Dapps 

Though ICON is as previous as many different chains, it hasn’t seen a very rosy development in native tasks. Presently, ICON has round twenty tasks, and plenty of are comparatively unknown. For instance, DeFi Llama lists Balanced and Omm, with a mixed TVL of round $120 million. Balanced is the decentralized financial institution of ICON with all the usual options plus staking. Omm is a cash market maker and contains the identical options as Balanced besides staking. Sadly, as with the remainder of the crypto market, each of those have taken a beating not too long ago, and so they’ve each misplaced greater than 50 % of their TVL. Different notable DApps embody Craft, an NFT-marketplace that ranks among the many High 10 NFT marketplaces; Venture Nebula, an NFT-based house exploration sport, and GangstaBet, an NFT ecosystem.


Iconbet is one other fairly widespread software and you may in all probability guess what it’s. Picture by way of Iconbet.

When you’re excited about utilizing these platforms, you’re going to wish a pockets that helps ICON and ICX. Essentially the most generally used wallets are the Hana Pockets – the first and Ledger-compatible pockets of the ICON ecosystem – and MyICONWallet, a mobile-based pockets. The unique pockets, ICONex, additionally exists however is being phased out. Personally, I don’t have any expertise interacting with the ICON community, so I can’t give any recommendations on that.

ICON Tokenomics & ICX Value 

ICX was launched again in 2017 with the next allocation: 50% token sale, 17% reserve, 13% Basis, 10% neighborhood group & technique companions, 10% group, advisors, and early contributors. The allocation appears to be pretty first rate however one thing price mentioning is that ICX doesn’t have a max provide. Presently ICON has a circulating provide of slightly below 700 million. Nonetheless, the protocol does have a set inflation fee which was not too long ago modified. Beforehand ICON didn’t have a set inflation fee however reasonably it fluctuated based mostly on a set of variables. The difficulty with that was that though it was meant to keep up an acceptable quantity of stakers the inflation didn’t have a tough cap and will generally attain over 20%. Now with the brand new  community proposal this inflation fee is about at 3.99% yearly. From the annual inflation fee the vast majority of ICX, 77%, goes to voters. Then the remainder is split between block producers and CPS (Contribution Proposal System) a decentralized grant fund managed by P-reps. The allocation is 13% for block producers and 10% for CPS.

Newsletter Inline

ICX may be staked on a number of platforms and at the moment the rewards are round 10-12%, which isn’t unhealthy, a minimum of now when the inflation is at a predetermined fee. The un-lock interval is dependent upon how a lot you stake, and it may be wherever from 5 to twenty days. The staking works such that you just’ll be delegating you ICX to a P-Rep (voting on a P-Rep. Traditionally, ICX staking has been fairly widespread as a result of comparatively steady to cost of ICX. At these value ranges it might be in comparison with stablecoin lending with the extra upside potential from the tasks development. Nonetheless, it’s good to notice that it does embody the draw back of a possible failure too.

Icx Price Action

Right here’s a take a look at the worth motion of ICX. Picture by way of CoinMarketCap

In the case of value motion it has been a couple of fairly depressing years for the holders of ICX. Not a lot has occurred and from a technical level there aren’t many catalysts for any enormous development. The poor value motion appears type of odd contemplating how a lot has occurred within the ICON ecosystem, however my guess can be that the already fairly excessive market cap has stored the worth low. The market cap is at the moment round $800 million, which perhaps doesn’t sound that a lot, however contemplating ICON hasn’t been delivering a lot in its comparatively lengthy historical past it does make you marvel. On the constructive aspect although, the brand new ICON does tackle the competitors within the interoperability area of interest and should you examine it to Cosmos’ market cap of just about $10 billion then ICON has quite a lot of room to develop.

ICON Roadmap 

ICON is transferring full steam forward now, searching for additional integrations to grow to be the main interoperability answer. An absence of readability and knowledge was highlighted within the earlier CB article. This has fortunately been resolved since ICON does publish virtually month-to-month improvement updates (right here’s the newest one) and retains the progress open-source. Nonetheless, the whitepaper is previous and, in my view, doesn’t spotlight the chances of ICON 2.0 and in addition, the token economics are usually not clear.

Presently, there aren’t any concrete milestones coming since each ICE and SNOW are in improvement with unknown launch dates, and there have been important upgrades just some months in the past. The ICON 2.0 improve was quite a lot of work, making it comprehensible that something that huge received’t be seen simply but. However as I discussed earlier, it’s anticipated that we see many extra integrations with each functions and totally different blockchains. To maintain up with the mission’s improvement, you’ll be greatest off studying the month-to-month updates from the ICON group.


Hopefully, this text gives you with some type of readability about what ICON is and the way it’s looking for its strategy to the main cryptocurrency tasks. I additionally once more encourage you to have a look at the a number of hyperlinks I left if one thing feels unclear or should you want to be taught extra about ICON.

Lastly, I wish to rapidly talk about researching this mission. To me, it looks as if there are two sorts of ICON networks. One is the previous ICON with a centralized construction, lack of readability (previous whitepaper), gradual development. The opposite ICON is the brand new one with interoperability, development, and readability. Nonetheless, these are the identical mission which does present some uncertainty. ICON 2.0 with a brand new title, a contemporary look and a brand new token would have made me see this mission as an excellent one (though I’m not a technical genius, I’m not fully certain if their interoperability method is the perfect). Nonetheless, now when these two are combined, I can’t determine what to assume.

However, no matter what I feel, will probably be attention-grabbing to see the place ICON is heading since interoperability is definitely one thing we’ll want. Taking a look at Cosmos’ ATOM token, it’s clear that the development is up for these options. Now it’s simply as much as ICON and its neighborhood to show that their answer is viable and probably the perfect one.

Disclaimer: These are the author’s opinions and shouldn’t be thought of funding recommendation. Readers ought to do their very own analysis.


I am a finance pupil with a rising curiosity in the direction of cryptocurrencies. I am extraordinarily fascinated by the alternatives cryptocurrencies supply. In my writing I wish to present everybody with a simple entry to a posh business.

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